Analysis

These data were originally collected with the intention of studying the relationship between housing and fertility at the macro level. Here we present a selection of data visualizations regarding that relationship as examples of potential uses of these data.

 

Housing regimes based on Mulder and Billari (2010) and Total Fertility Rate (TFR) over time

Career: Home ownership is not universal and mortgages are a major source of financing. For many people, home ownership is not the first housing tenure after leaving the parental home.

Elite: Home ownership is not universal, and mortgages are not easily available. So home ownership is limited to elite couples, who can finance it from their savings, family help or inheritance.

Easy: It is easy to own a home, since high owner occupancy rate is coupled with higher mortgage availability. It is likely that home ownership is normative.

Difficult: Home ownership is not just the norm, but the only way to obtain housing, which is reflected in high owner occupancy rates. Since mortgage availability is low, it is difficult to enter the housing market, and hence, difficult to leave the parental home and start a family.

 

Data Visualization of the Relationship between Bureaucratic Efficiency and Total Fertility (2003-2015)

Source : Political Risk Services (PRS) Group and World Bank

Data Visualization of the Relationship between Housing Expenditure to GDP Ratio and Total Fertility Rate (1980-2013)

Data Visualization of the Relationship between Housing Expenditure to GDP Ratio and Total Fertility Rate (1980-2012)

Data Visualization of the Relationship between Legal Rights and Total Fertility Rate (2003-2014)

Data Visualization of the Relationship between Time to Resolve Insolvency and Total Fertility Rate (2004 – 2014)

Data visualization showing the change in Total Fertility Rate, with countries represented by their Legal Origin

Data Visualization of the Relationship between Mortgage Debt Per Capita and Total Fertility (1994-2011)

Data Visualization of the Relationship between Mortgage Debt to GDP Ratio and Total Fertility (1961-2014)

Data Visualization of the Relationship between Owner Occupation Rate and Total Fertility Rate (1971-2014)